Cast of the trachea, bronchi and bronchioles of a domestic dog.

This resin cast shows the branching of the windpipe or trachea (centre top) into bronchi and then bronchioles through the lungs. Air is drawn into these ever-smaller channels until they reach the alveoli, where gas exchange between the lungs and the bloodstream occurs. Image courtesy of the RVC.

Resin cast of a canine kidney

Plastinated cast of the blood vessels (pink) supplying the kidney¬†and the renal pelvis (yellow, not the same as the pelvic bone), which collects urine and carries it to the bladder. Plastination and cast-making provide an excellent way to study complex networks of vessels such as this one, and help biologists to examine them without the…